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Wildlife

Nuisance wildlife control can be a tricky and frustrating task to tackle within the pest control industry. There are some tips to know about wildlife in the Northeast Georgia area that can help protect your family from potential danger. Be sure to know the facts about wildlife removal before attempting making contact with potentially dangerous wildlife and be sure to contact a professional wildlife removal specialist for help.

 

Wildlife Tips

 

  • Wildlife animals are looking for a place that provides a food and water source or shelter from the elements. By making sure to keep food from easily being available and sealing off potential entry points, you can keep wildlife from establishing residency within your home.
  • Some wildlife, such as bats, raccoons and other mammals can carry rabies or other diseases and become a danger for humans and pets. If an animal is acting abnormally, foaming at the mouth or in a state of delirium, it is advised to stay away from them and keep pets from them. Be sure to call a professional wildlife management specialist if you think a wild animal may have rabies.

 

 

Common Wildlife in Georgia

 

Bats

 

The two most common species of bats in Georgia are the Little Brown Bat (Myotis lucifugus) and the Big Brown Bat (Eptesicus fuscus). Both of these bats are insectivores and are beneficial to the environment since they eat large amounts of insects. These bats are also protected by state and federal agencies, making it illegal to kill bats. Instead exclusion practices are used for the bat to leave a structure then not be able to return. After a couple of weeks the entry point is completely sealed and all bat guano is removed to prevent the spread of microorganisms. Bats are a danger to humans because they carry rabies that can be spread to pets and humans.

 

Little Brown Bat (Myotis lucifugus):The little brown bat is most commonly seen while performing bat removal in Georgia. They are small bats with a wingspan of eight inches weighting less than an ounce. Typically, female little brown bats make maternity colonies within attics or barns where wildlife control specialists find them.

 

Big Brown Bat (Eptesicus fuscus): The big brown bat can also be found in Northeast Georgia, but is not seen as often because they typically live in forests, but can be found in attics and other structures. The big brown bat has a wingspan up to 13 inches.

 

 

Raccoons

 

(Procyon lotor) The raccoon is a common nuisance wildlife species that is seen in Northeast Georgia. Raccoons are very intelligent and curious wildlife that are able to climb into homes or attics to find food and shelter. In the spring, female raccoons can cause damage to your home or attic when searching for a safe shelter to raise their young. Raccoons also become a nuisance when searching for food, most often stealing pet food or garbage.

 

 

Squirrels

 

The two most common squirrels in Northeast Georgia are the Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) and the Southern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys volans). Squirrels typically will establish themselves within attics and can cause structural damage from their droppings, chewing through electrical wires and boards and ruining attic insulation. Typically squirrels resident within attics during the fall and spring during their mating seasons when the weather is cooler.

 

Eastern Gray Squirrel: (Sciurus carolinensis) The Eastern Gray Squirrel is the most common species in Georgia. Living mostly in trees, the Eastern Gray Squirrel will search for food around your home. Typically they will seek shelter during the spring and fall, during their mating seasons.

 

Southern Flying Squirrel: (Glaucomys volans) The Southern Flying Squirrel is a nocturnal animal that will seek shelter within your home in the Winter months. They live in colonies and it is not uncommon to find up to 100 Southern Flying Squirrels within one colony in an attic. They are noisy critters that can cause structural damage within your home.

 

 

Snakes

 

Snakes are very common in Northeast Georgia and are one of the top nuisance wildlife removal animals. Georgia has 41 snake species, with only six of those species being venomous.  It is important to remember that the majority of snakes are not poisonous within Georgia and will typically leave humans alone. Be sure to keep pets away from a snake if found and to call a wildlife removal specialist to handle the problem. Typically snakes are a problem in homes because they find gaps in structures in which to live. Many snakes are beneficial to the home because they are a natural predator of mice and rats.

 

 

Common Snake Species in Georgia:

Non-venomous

  • Black Racer
  • Northern Water
  • Corn Snake
  • Eastern Garter
  • Eastern King
  • Black Rat
  • Milk Snake
  • Yellow Rat 
  • Southern Ringneck

 

Venomous

  • Pit Vipers, which include:
  • Canebrake Rattlesnake
  • Pigmy Rattlesnake
  • Diamondback Rattlesnake
  • Copperhead
  • Cottonmouth, or Water Moccasin
  • Elapidae, which include:
  • Coral Snake

 

 

 

Opossum

 

Possums (Didelphis virginiana) typically are nomadic nuisance animals but will sometimes establish a home within human structures. They are nocturnal mammals that are typically found in winter or early spring. They can cause structural damage and also target trash or pet food for food sources.

 

Armadillos

 

Armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) are nocturnal animals that cause problems for homeowners by burrowing under the ground during the day. They average between 12-16 pounds and can live up to 15 years.

 

Rats

 

Two of the most common rat species in Georgia is the Roof Rat (Rattus rattus) and the Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus). Rats are an issue for homeowners because of the multitude of diseases that they carry, including: Rat-bite fever, Eosinophilic Meningitis, Murine Typhus, and Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. They also can cause structural and electrical damage from chewing through the home. Rats are nocturnal and colonize, which makes it common to see large numbers of rats in one place. Rats will establish residency in almost any space within a home, including: attics, walls, crawl spaces and basements.

 

Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus): The Norway Rat, also known as, brown rat, house rat, sewer rat, or wharf rat averagely weighs around one pound. They are found all over the United States and are typically a brown/gray color.

 

Roof Rat: (Rattus rattus) The Roof Rat is smaller than the Norway Rat and is typically found closer to costal areas of the United States.